Digital disinformation that spreads quicker than governments or corporations can take it down. Lethal autonomous weapons systems that loiter in the skies. Synthetic media (i.e. deep fakes, vishing ) so convincing that it destabilize both allies and adversaries. Global pandemics that combine with natural disasters to overcome emergency response capabilities.

Contemporary National Security Policy challenges/threats reveal that the international system is increasingly interconnected. Applying novel methodologies such as complexity theory, quantum theory and system dynamics, Dr. Patrick Bell is an expert in the application of emerging technology to national security decision making and strategy.